-The fourth and second largest chamber of a ruminent's stomach,
where actual digestion takes place.
Abnormal or early termination of pregnancy
Abortifacients - A drug or other agent used to cause abortion.
-Condition where rumen pH falls, usually because the goat ate too much grain.
Herd -One that has been annually tested for Tuberculosis and found free from
Detergent Fiber an indicator of relative digestibility of forages.
American Dairy Goat Association
-A fungal toxin which is a powerful liver carcinogen.
-The fetal membranes that attach the fetus to the membranes of the pregnant
female and which are normally expelled from the female within 3 to 6 h. after
American Goat Society
AI - Artificial Insemination...yes they do
it for goats, too!
-Deficiency of RBC (red blood cells) and/or a quantity of pigment known as
hemoglobin. The eyelids and gums can be very light, grey or white. Often a sign
of parasitism and a need for deworming.
- Commonly referred to as a dewormer. A compound that kills or expels internal
parasites - such as worms.
-A chemical substance produced by a microorganism which has the capacity, in
dilute solutions, to inhibit the growth of or to kill other microorganisms.
-This involves the use of elastic castration bands to remove the testacles by
eventually cutting off blood supply.
-The entire body cavity, also the girth of the body at it's largest, near the
A low body temperature, as that due to exposure in cold weather. When a baby kid
is born and for whatever reason is not warm, lack of suckling, lack of being
dried off quickly. Synonym is hypothermia.
goat's vocal expression, talking
-A teat that is non-functional due to birth defect, injury or disease.
-Gastritis: too much accumulation of gas in the stomach can be fatal!
Condition Score - Scoring the body condition (1-5 : thin to fat) used to
estimate condition of an animal.
-Large oval pill form of medication (good luck getting this
down a goat throat!)
Black Oil Sunflower Seeds, used as a high energy addition to sweet feed rations.
-Fly larvae that crawl into nasal passages.
Apron -Device used to keep a buck from breeding.
Season -The period of time when the doe is in active estrus, typically Late
July to late Feb.
- A doe kept for the purpose of continuing a desirable bloodline and genetics
in her offspring.
Broad-leafed woody plants, shrubs or brush.
- Infection with bacteria of the Brucella group, frequently causing abortions in
animals and remittent fever in man.
male goat, also referred to as a 'Billy'
but NEVER in the registered circle!
Typically refers to a breeding age male.
-Cloth or sock rubbed on the scent glands of the buck; to be put in with a doe
to induce or detect heat cycle.
- Young intact male goat, typically of a year or less age.
- The tool used to castrate bucks by severing the cord without breaking the skin
of the scrotum.
-Cream content in milk.
- Sometimes playful, usually in aggression between goats by the use of the top of
-Literally "little goat" The Spanish use this term referring to goat meat.
CAEV or CAE
-Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus..One of the most dreaded diseases in
goats! also known as "big knee" There is no cure and this is contagious to other
Phosphorus Ratio - Relative amounts of calcium and phosphorus in the total
ration. Usually recommended to be at least 2.5:1.
-New Term refers to Goat Husbandry
-Pertaining to goats.
-A fatty acid that is responsible for making goat milk taste 'goaty' with age.
cc - Cubic
Centimeter, used interchangeably with ml, used to measure medications for
Herd- One that has been annual tested for Brucellosis and found free of this
-Canadian Goat Society
-Goat meat as referred to by the French.
-Classic French soft cheese made with goat milk.
- Organisms associated with diseases such as pneumonia, abortion, diarrhea,
conjunctivitis, arthritis and encephalitis.
Lymphadenitis, an abscess disease of goats that is highly contagious.
Organisms - Anaerobic bacteria that produce spores under certain conditions.
California Mastitis Test, Home method of testing for mastitis.
Corn, Oats & Barley mixed with molasses, fed as a grain or sweet feed for goats
and other livestock.
or Cocci - An internal parasite residing in the intestines, that destroys
the lining of the small intestine (typically of kids) causing severe diarrhea
and eventually death if not treated.
-First milk-this is a thick yellowish milk that provides all the antibodies a
baby kid needs - high in protein and vitamins,
it is only made by the doe from the time of birth to about a week after
(it decreases concentration as days go by). Note: Baby kids can only
assimilate the antibodies for 24 hours after birth.
Luteum -Yellow body; solid yellowish mass of tissue that develops in a doe's
ovary after an egg has been released.
Corticosteroids - Any of a class of steroids, as dexamethasone, prednisone,
or cortisone, occurring in nature as a product of the adrenal cortex, or
Creep Feeder -A feeding area which allows kids,
but not adults to enter and safely eat.
Temperature - Maximum or minimum environmental temperature tolerated by the
animal before additional dietary energy is required to maintain normal body
- The offspring resulting from mating a buck and doe of different breeds.
Crossbreeding - Purposeful mating of two or more breeds.
Cryptorchidism -Failure of one or both testicles to descend into the
-Soft mass of food regurgitated and rechewed by a ruminant.
- The process of removing animals that are below average in production, unsound
or undesirable, usually through sales or euthanasia.
-Coagulated milk solids.
Cysticercosis - Infection with cysticerci, a larval form of tapeworm, taenia
solium. In man they penetrate the intestinal wall and invade subcutaneous
tissue, brain, eye, muscle, heart, liver, lung, and peritoneum. Brain
involvement may result in epilepsy, increased intracranial pressure, etc..
- Removal of already formed horns, NOT recommended except in case of emergency.
- The loss of body fluids, caused either by not having drinking water available
- Gums on upper jaw, replaces front upper teeth. Goats do not have upper front
-Dairy Herd Improvement Association administered by the USDA.
-Dairy Herd Improvement Registry; production testing program administered by
goat registries in cooperation with the DHIA.
-Removal of horn buds (usually by cauterizing with a disbudding iron) from young
goats to keep horns from growing.
-Slightly concave face type, characteristic of Pygmy goats and some Swiss
-Female goat: also referred to as 'nanny' but NEVER in the registered circles!
- Female goat a year or less in age
-A liquid medication or the administering of a liquid medication.
- The oral administration of liquid medication.
-Mature doe that is not lactating.
Method of rearing goats in pens, where they do not have access to pasture or
range, where daily feed and water is provided by the caretaker.
- (DM) The portion of feed that is not water, listed in feeds.
-To stop milking at the end of a doe's lactation; usually 2 months before she's
due to kid.
- The instrument used to apply heavy walled small rubber bands (elastrator
rings/bands) to tail of lambs and/or scrotums of lambs and goats for tail
docking on lambs and castration for lambs and goats.
- Electrolyte refers to ionized salts in the body fluids. The major electrolytes
are made from sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, chloride, bicarbonate,
phosphate and protein.
-LaMancha ear up to 2 inches in length.
Transfer -Recently fertilized eggs from donor doe are transferred to the
uterus of a recipient doe, usually by surgically exposing the uterus of the
- To waste away physically (starvation).
-Inflammation of the brain usually with severe signs such as fever,
in coordination, and convulsions. Caused by parasites or disease.
- Inflammation of the intestine, applied chiefly to inflammation of the small
Enterotoxemia -Toxic indigestion that may follow acidosis,
also a bacterial
infection from an organism found in the soil-typically in spring. Can Be FATAL!
Enterotoxemia - A complete description:
Disease caused by the liberation of exotoxins of clostridium perfringens in the intestines of sheep, goats, cattle,
foals, and piglets. Type b enterotoxaemia in lambs is lamb dysentery; Type c
enterotoxaemia in mature sheep produces "struck", and in calves, lambs and
piglets it produces haemorrhagic enterotoxaemia; Type d enterotoxaemia in sheep
and goats is pulpy-kidney disease or overeating disease.
-An inherited trait in which the lower eyelashes are inverted, causing the
eyelashes of the lower lid to irritate the eye. Easily fixed,
but highly heritable.
Tube - Catheter placed down the esophagus of a goat to administer
electrolytes and high energy liquids while debilitated. (See
Tubing a goat)
-Hormone that causes regression of the corpus luteum and stimulates estrus.
-The time period from beginning of one heat to the beginning of the next heat.
-A series of cycles during which time the doe comes into regular heat; usually
from July through February.
Parasite -Parasites that may be found on the hair, skin and in the nasal and
ear passages. (Lice, keds, mites, fleas, ticks etc)
- The ability to produce offspring.
-The unborn young in the later stages of development.
Response - Curling of the upper lip in response to detecting sexual
readiness or health of kids. Used by both sexes. Allows
better detection of odors.
Zone -Maximum zone of comfort or security of animals before they "take
flight" when approached.
-Increasing the doe's nutritional intake before mating, thought to stimulate
ovulation and assure conception.
-Chemical and water mixture, that goats stand in, used for the prevention and/or
treatment of foot rot and foot scald.
-Fungus infection that can cause lameness. Usually caused by lack of hoof
trimming and/or having feet in wet pens over an extended period of time.
-Fiber-containing feedstuffs such as silage, hay and pasture.
-Pen used to confine goats, usually a narrow place, prior to moving them into
chutes for loading or treatments.
-Method of feeding when food or salt/minerals etc are made available at all
-When a doe kids and starts producing milk.
Restrainer -Restraining device that is a gambrel-shaped piece of plastic
that is placed over the top of the animal's neck, with slots on either side to
hold both front legs of the animal on either side of the head- used for various
reasons; while medicating, hoof trimming etc.
Gastro-Enteritis -An acute inflammation of the lining of the stomach and
intestines, characterized by anorexia, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain and
weakness, which has various causes, including food poisoning due to infection
with such organisms as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella
species, consumption of irritating food or drink or psychological factors such
as anger, stress and fear. Synonym: enterogastritis'
-Period of pregnancy beginning at conception and ending with birth (146-156
days) approx. 5 months.
-LaMancha ear one inch or less in length with no cartilage.
A doe with one parent being registered and the other of mixed or unknown
-Fostering a kid onto a doe that is not its natural mother- used in the case of
death of natural mother typically.
(LGD)- A dog that stays with the goats without harming them and
aggressively protects from predators. Not to be confused with a Herd Dog which
is used typically for cattle and sheep, but sometimes for goats to herd pastured
livestock where you want them to be.
-Circumference of the chest just behind the front legs.
sexual readiness, see estrus.
-more than one goat.
Hermaphrodite -An animal with both male and female sexual organs. This is
more common when breeding polled goat to polled goat.
-Abnormally low calcium concentration, that can result
in muscle cramps, abdominal cramps, spasms, and hyperactive deep tendon
reflexes. Low blood calcium can be seen in cases of
hypoparathyroidism, low vitamin D intake, pregnancy, osteomalacia and certain
Hypoproteinemia -Abnormally small amounts of total protein in the
circulating blood plasma.
-Inability to keep warm often caused by cold or wet weather. (Birth Chill)
Method of giving injection, Intramuscularly- for better absorption of
-A resistance to a specific pathogenic microorganism or disease.
Host -An animal or other living body in which a parasite completes part of
its life cycle and usually causes no damage to this host.
-Referring to a pregnant doe.
Producing milk after parturition (giving birth).
Parasites -Parasites located in the body of the goat.
-Disinfectant used on navels of newborn kids. Veterinary iodine contains 7%
-Bloodsucking external parasites that pierce the skin.
-Compounds found in the blood of pregnant goats suffering from pregnancy
-Baby goats, either sex.
-The process of having goat babies.
-Giving milk or in-milk.
Ringers Solution- Used for hydrating a dehydrated goat subQ.
-Plants that include alfalfa, lespedeza and the
clovers- higher in protein than grass pasture or hay.
-Release of the milk by the mammary glands; usually stimulated by the presence
of the milker or kid, also induced by "bumping" the
udder (watch your kids eat).
White blood cell.
LGD - Livestock Guardian Dog, a specific breed used for guarding goats and
sheep. ie: Maremmas, Great Pyrenese, Kommodors
- Parasite that damages the liver.
Chute -A chute used for loading animals into a trailer or
truck for travel.
-The natural dark bloody discharge a doe has for a couple of weeks after kidding
-typically does not start until 7 days after delivery.
- Internal parasite found in the respiratory tract and lung tissue.
-Contagious, itchy skin disease caused by mites.
-Mites which infest and damage the skin and hair.
A trough that holds feed.
-Usually referring to the dry feces of ruminants. (This is
only dry unless you step in it, preferably with new shoes).
Mastitis -Inflammation of the mammary
gland caused by bacterial infection, resulting in
reduced milk production.
- Inflammation of the uterus.
-A slight elevation of temperature following kidding, said to be due to the
establishment of the secretion of milk, but probably the same as absorption
fever, an a febrile metabolic disease, occurring shortly after parturition in
goats, characterized by hypocalcaemia and manifested by loss of consciousness
and general paralysis. (No milk, no fever is an old saying
concerning milk fever).
Replacer -Artificial milk substitute (usually soy based) fed to young goats,
This breeder doe not recommend the use of for any reason.
Milliliter, same as cc; method for measurement of medication in a syringe.
-Mammals that have one stomach, goats are born using only one of the four
stomachs they are born with.
term for a polled (hornless) goat, used in the
-Toxic compounds, produced by fungi, that contaminate hay.
Old fashioned reference to a doe, not appreciated by most of the goat
Immunity -Inherited resistance to disease that varies between breeds,
strains within breeds and individuals.
- Examination of a dead animal to determine cause of death. Animal autopsy.
-Not eating as much as usual...this is a signal of an ill goat!
The third division, or that between the reticulum, or honeycomb stomach, and the
abomasum, or rennet stomach Also called Manyplies: So called from the numerous
folds in its mucous membrane.
-Enrolled in the DHIA milk testing program.
Oocyst -A stage in the life of coccidia (a
protozoal parasite) that is shed in manure. Goats become infected by ingesting oocysts from eating hay and feed from the
-A doe who is not yet bred. Usually the one who's kids are
-Usually refers to the opening in the end of a teat.
Over the Counter - Medications that can be purchased directly without
Primary female reproductive organ.
- In estrus, when the egg released from the ovary.
-Certificates of registration.
-This refers to how tasty feeds are to the goat.
-An organism that lives off of a host animal (the goat), they can be internal or
-Place where the doe is milked.
-The lower jaw is shorter than the upper jaw.
Paresis - A disease of pregnant and lactating cows and ewes leading to
generalized paresis and death. The disease, which is characterized by
hypocalcaemia, occurs at or shortly after parturition in cows and within weeks
before or after parturition in ewes & goats.
-Giving birth, also known as kidding.
-Acute contagious conjunctivitis. A highly contagious disease that affects the
eyes of goats (also contagious to humans).
Naturally hornless goat. Polled goats have two "swirls" near the area where
horns would be on a horned goat.
Milker -Does that come into milk without being bred.
Toxemia - A metabolic disease of pregnant does generally caused by diet
deficient in energy during late pregnancy.
-Living organisms in the rumen that aids in the fermentation of the feed.
Supplement - Feedstuffs that contain a high level of protein, used in cases
where a goat needs a higher protein percentage in the diet.
The amount of feed fed to the goats over a 24 hour period, or a specific amount
given on a regular basis.
-Documentation of a crossbreed or a grade dairy goat on record with the
-Documentation of a purebred or American goat on registry with a registry.
-The addition of body fluids which have been lost from fever, illness, heat,
Extracted from the fourth stomach typically of calves,
the enzyme component rennin is used to coagulate milk. Used when making cheese.
-The second stomach of ruminants, in which folds of the mucous membrane form
hexagonal cells; also called the honeycomb stomach.
Groove - Small sphincter muscle between the rumen and abomasum that closes
to divert the milk a baby kid will drink, directing it to the abomasum bypassing
the rumen. Baby kids are born and remain monogastric for about the first
4 weeks of life.